Growing plants adapted to the site conditions is one of the basic principles of sustainable gardening. For more details, see the upcoming plants course.
- Preserve as many well-established trees and shrubs as possible. Established vegetation generally requires less water than newly-planted specimens that have not yet developed deep root systems. Favor plants native to the region that are adapted to the local climate and well suited to the growing conditions of the site.
- To speed establishment and minimize water use, plant at the recommended time of the year for a particular species.
- Lawn size and turf type can have a huge impact on the amount of irrigation a landscape requires. Consider the function of the lawn and how much area is actually required to support its use. Look for ways to minimize unnecessary lawn. Chose grass species that require minimal irrigation. Consider mixing different types of grasses to create a more disease-resistant lawn.